Scholarly, academic, peer-reviewed, juried, or refereed — These are all synonyms for the same type of journal, one that presents and preserves a record of scholarship for an academic or research-oriented audience. The language of scholarly journals is that of the discipline covered. It assumes some academic background on the part of the reader.
Many academic journals, though by no means all, are published by scholarly societies or discipline-specific professional organizations. As part of the publication process, scholarly articles are reviewed by committees of other notable scholars. Such reviewers are considered to be the writer's peers; hence, the term peer-reviewed journal. Usually, a committee or jury of scholars does the reviewing; hence, the terms juried journal or refereed journal.
Peer-reviewed articles most often have an abstract or descriptive summary of the article printed before the main text starts. The affiliations of the authors are provided, usually at the bottom of the first page or at the end of the article — universities, research institutes, think tanks, and the like.
EXAMPLES OF SCHOLARLY JOURNALS:
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