"If voting made a difference, they wouldn't let us do it." Did Mark Twain think this way about voting?
If you have news, memes, or a hot button topic you want to know more about, below are questions to ask yourself and strategies to try while investigating what is true, false, or somewhere in between. One strategy will work better than the others depending on your topic. Finding more than one source will strengthen your case.
Click each tab button below to try them all. Good luck!
1. Whether it is a website, an image, or just a quote someone posted, find answers to as many of the below questions as you can!
2. Here is a list of fact-checking websites. See what others have uncovered about your image, information or article.
3. Here are three tips to use in a search engine like Google more efficiently.
a. Include "site:" to your search. This searches your keywords (ex. Mark Twain voting) through websites you are interested in. Note, delete http://, www., and any content after your core URL including the / .
Tip: A colon symbol is after the word "site" in the search.
b. Search what other people are saying about a website. Include "-site:" to your search. This brings back hits about your website that excludes the website itself.
c. Search for more reliable sites. Websites ending with .edu are educational sites, .org are organizations, .gov are government websites. Using "site:" will filter what populates in your results.
4. Like Twain's quote, memes usually have text with it. Search the quote and see if a website, video or blog has spoken about it. You can also describe the image in keywords.
Tip: Putting quotation marks around two or more words searches them as an exact phrase. Do this when you want the words next to each other in the exact order.
Find the most reliable source from the results. For example, a newspaper or college website would be more reliable than a blog post.
5. Do a reverse image lookup at images.google.com. Upload an image, paste the image's URL, or drag and drop an image onto the search box.
For both reverse image lookup and searching text, find the earliest occurrence of it on the internet. If it isn't obvious in your results, try limiting the date it was published. You will have to play around with the dates to see when your image or text first popped up.
After pressing search, go to Tools -> Time -> Custom Range.
6. Good library databases to use while investigating your fake news, memes and hot button topics.
Note, use your Lobo Apps Username & Password to get access to these databases.
If you are interested to learn more on strategies to evaluating resources, my sources were:
Caulfield, M. A. (n.d.). Web literacy for student fact checkers. Retrieved from https://webliteracy.pressbooks.com
Meriam Library. (2010). Evaluating information: Applying the CRAAP test. Retrieved from https://library.csuchico.edu/sites/default/files/craap-test.pdf