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Citations: Webpages/Online


Webpage with a Group/Corporate/
(if there is no date on the webpage, put (n.d.) for the date)

Author. (Year, Month Day). Article title. URL of Webpage

Mayo Clinic. (2018, May 4). Anxiety disorders. /diseases- conditions/anxiety/symptoms-causes/syc-20350961.

Webpage with 
Named Authors

(if there is no date on the webpage, put (n.d.) for the date)

Author. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Name of Webpage. URL of Webpage

Martin Lillie, C.M. (2016, December 29). Be kind to yourself: How self-compassion can improve your resiliency. Mayo Clinic. lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/self-compassion-can-improve-your-resiliency/art- 20267193.

Video ***

Author. (Year, Month, Day). Title of video [Video]. Video Streaming Service Name. URL of Webpage

Byrne, D. (2018, February 2). Talking Heads-once in a lifetime [Video]. YouTube.

Summit Center. (2019, December 3). Psychosocial development of gifted children- webinar with Dr. Stephen Chou [Video]. Vimeo. 208564/376976020.

Personal Communication
(email, personal interviews,
letters, etc...)


All forms of personal communication are not cited in the reference list, but they are cited in the text of you paper.  See page 260 of the APA manual for more information.

***For retrieval purposes, the person who posted the video is credited as the author.

What is APA Format?

APA stands for American Psychological Association.  APA Style is used to write papers and cite sources in the sciences such as nursing, psychology, and social sciences.
The purpose of citing sources is:

  • To avoid plagiarism
  • To give credit to the original creator of information you used in your research paper
  • To inform readers of the sources you used

If you are asked to use APA format, be sure to consult the APA Publication Manual (6th edition), available at the MPC Library.

Online Access (Spring 2020) to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association!


Many of the MPC databases provide MLA and APA citation formatting, but they are not always formatted correctly.  Also, other online citation makers are not always accurate. It is important to check their accuracy against a citation style guide like this guide.